Procedure Statement - VHDL Example

Procedures are part of a group of structures called subprograms. Procedures are small sections of code that perform an operation that is reused throughout your code. This serves to cleanup code as well as allow for reusability.

Procedures can take inputs and generate outputs. They can generally be more complicated than functions. It is not required to pass any signals to a procedure. In the example below there is a procedure p_INCREMENT_SLV whose purpose is to increment a standard logic vector by 1 and generate a signal with the result.

One additional note about using wait statements:
Wait statements CAN be used in a procedure, as long as the process that calls the procedure does not have a sensitivity list. In the example below the procedure has a 1 ns wait statement to demonstrate this. This makes procedures useful for creating testbench code.

library ieee;
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;
use ieee.numeric_std.all;

entity example_procedure_simple is
end example_procedure_simple;

architecture behave of ex_procedure_simple is

  signal r_TEST : std_logic_vector(7 downto 0) := X"42";

  -- Purpose: Increments a std_logic_vector by 1
  procedure p_INCREMENT_SLV (
    signal r_IN  : in  std_logic_vector(7 downto 0);
    signal r_OUT : out std_logic_vector(7 downto 0)
    ) is
  begin
    r_OUT <= std_logic_vector(unsigned(r_IN) + 1);
    wait for 1 ns;                      -- Wait is OK here.
  end p_INCREMENT_SLV;

  
begin

  process is
  begin
    wait for 10 ns;
    p_INCREMENT_SLV(r_TEST, r_TEST);
    wait for 10 ns;
    p_INCREMENT_SLV(r_TEST, r_TEST);
    wait for 10 ns;
    p_INCREMENT_SLV(r_TEST, r_TEST);
    wait;
  end process;  
  
end behave;



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